History of the Ministry of Public Order and Safety
The establishment of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM), through the Bangsamoro Organic Law in 2019, came with it the challenge of ensuring peace in the region. In order to address these challenges, the Ministry of Public Order and Safety (MPOS) plays a key role in this commitment, adopting the principles of reconciliation and mediation in settling disputes, and alternative dispute resolution.
The creation of the Ministry of Public Order and Safety is based on Republic Act 11054 also known as OLBARMM, an “Act Providing for the Organic Law for the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, Repealing for the Purpose Republic Act No. 6734, Entitled “An Act Providing for An Organic Act for the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao,” As Amended by Republic Act No. 9054, Entitled “An Act to Strengthen and Expand the Organic Act for the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao”. A plebiscite was conducted on January 21, 2019 and majority of ARMM voters chose to approve the Republic Act 11054.
On January 25, 2019, the National Plebiscite Board of Canvassers (NPBOC) announced the official results of the plebiscite declaring the BOL was “deemed ratified.” Public Order and safety are stated in Article XI, Section 2 and Article XVI Section 8 of RA 11054.
On October 28, 2020, the Bangsamoro Transition Authority unanimously approved by 58 members the Bangsamoro Autonomy Act No. 13 known as the Bangsamoro Administrative Code.
The Bangsamoro Administrative Code (BAC) is promulgated to prescribe the structural, functional, and procedural principles and rules of governance of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.
The creation of the Ministry of Public Order was stated in Title X: Public Order and Safety of the said code. Based on the code’s Title X, section 2. Mandate: